Driving in Brazil: Things to Know (part 3)


On a normal day, you will probably only face some traffic as leaving the city for the road.

In the present, if you plan your Brazilian road trip during a national holiday, know you may have to face traffic jams on the road. Most Brazilian roads, even in big cities, have one to three lanes, so there is not much space for the total number of cars leaving town.

If you are coming to Brazil in summer, roads are also filled with cars during the weekends, especially on the way to the beach. So, plan ahead and visit the city on a weekday, when most people will go to work and out of the road.

Parking in Brazil

When you are driving around a city in Brazil, there is just a few options for parking.

If you want to park on the street, remember that there are certain parking spaces for elders and disabled people and you won’t be allowed to park there. You’ll only be allowed to park in general parking spaces, which are marked with a white line on the street. Meanwhile, yellow line means you can’t park there at any time.

If you are in doubt, find “Estacionamentos”, which means parking garages where you can pay by hour or day.

Driving safety

Generally, tollways are very safe in Brazil, even at night. While on the road, you may notice that there are a lot of trucks since Brazil’s main mode of transportation for consumer goods is through roads and trucks.

Road regulations in Brazil

On Brazilian roads, cars must always keep their headlights on, even during the day. Most roads have radar speed signs and even police officers with speed guns.

In general, speed limits go from 60 km/h to 100 km/h in Brazil, but some roads go lower or higher than that. The limit will vary a lot, so look out for the signs.

Driving in Brazil: Things to Know (part 2)

What to expect when driving in Brazil?

When driving in Brazil, you have to take into consideration the traffic. Especially when you’re driving in big cities such as Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo, it is highly recommended that you should avoid driving at rush hour, at about 6 p.m, when it may take twice or even three times as long to go from point A to point B since the number of cars and motorcycles on the street gets so big.

In order to avoid rush hour, look for a nice restaurant nearby to relax, have your meal, and go back to your hotel.

Road maintenance

Most touristic cities have well-preserved streets and roads around them, so you don’t have to worry so much about road maintenance. Although some streets that are far from the city center may have road maintenance problems, the chance that you have to drive around them is very low.

Driving safety

Many things have been said about Brazilian safety. To have a safe trip in Brazil, the main tip is to be always aware of the place where you are.

It is almost always safe to drive around the country. Every day, Brazilians go to work and school by car, bus, train, or subway and they have learned to pay attention to their surroundings at all times.

If you are a bit anxious about it, just avoid leaving the touristic areas of the city and always close the windows while driving at night. Most of the serious stuff in Brazil you see in the news don’t happen all the time like you may imagine.

Driving regulations in Brazil

In Brazil, driving is pretty straightforward. If you are feeling somehow apprehensive, you should take a taxi to your hotel and try to get acquainted to the street signs and speed limits, instead of picking up your rental car right away. Remember that most of the biggest cities in Brazil have very strict speed limits as well as many radar speed signs.

Driving in Brazil: Things to Know

If you have a plan of visiting Brazil, a car rental to take road trips can be a good option. Here are the most necessary things that you need to know before starting your journey.

Brazil is the size of a continent so it’s not always easy to take part in transportation there. However, this country has some cities and beaches that are more easily accessed by car than by airplane or train. Of course, driving in another country with different regulations always has its challenges, and driving in Brazil is not an exception. So it is very useful if you are planning on visiting a city or historic town nearby.

The requirements to be able to drive in Brazil

If you want to drive in Brazil legally, you must be 18 years old or older and have a driver’s license. If you are a foreigner, you can drive in Brazil with your home country’s license and your valid passport.

The requirements for a car rental in Brazil

If you want to rent a car in Brazil, you must be at least 21 years old, have a valid and original driver’s license held for at least 24 months and a valid passport. You will need to present a personal credit card for the security deposit, too.

What side of the road to drive in Brazil?

Like in the US, drivers ride on the right side of the road in Brazil.

How about the speed limits in Brazil?

In Brazil, speed limits are displayed in the metric system: km/h (kilometers per hour), not mph (miles per hour). In general, cities will have a speed limit of 40km/h to 60km/h, highways will go from 60km/h, and around suburban areas to 100 or 110km/h.

Gas stations work in Brazil

There is no self-service gas station in Brazil. There is always someone who is going to help you with that and commonly, you will pay directly to this person.

Driving in Brazil – Practical Survival Guide and Tips

Rio – Santos (BR101) near Angra dos Reis

Brazil is a huge and fantastic country, and one of the best ways to discover it is taking a car or motorcycle and hit the road. Here’s how to do it.

When you’re a European or US citizen, you will quickly notice a number of differences between what you’re used to, and the way people drive in Brazil.

In my opinion/experience, driving in Brazil can be divided into a number of different conditions :

  • big cities like Rio de Janeiro or São Paulo.
  • major highways.
  • smaller back roads.
  • tracks and dirt roads.

The “rules” (and I don’t mean “the law”) vary according to which of the above mentioned situations you’re in, but a few things are very general and apply almost everywhere:

1. who has the bigger vehicle, (thinks that he/she) has the upper hand.

2. Don’t expect people to stop and give way, even if you have priority (like on a roundabout).

3. Don’t expect people to use indicators when they are about to turn left or right.

4. Don’t be surprised to see cars and even trucks driving at night without lights.

Big cities – Traffic jams:

In the big cities, chances are that you will end up in a traffic jam. Rio de Janeiro but especially São Paulo are notorious for the hectic traffic.

The already complicated situation is often made worse by accidents, broken down vehicles or storms (flooding).

There are also hundreds of motorcycles (125 – 250cc) splitting lanes, frantically honking their horns often driving at considerable speeds. When you’re driving a car, ALWAYS check your mirrors before changing lanes.

Major highways in Brazil:


The BR116 between Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. One of the best highways in brazil. Also one of the most expensive in terms of toll booths

Big highways in Brazil are usually in reasonably good condition (except in the north and north east – read more about this later). One of the best highways in Brazil (also the most expensive in terms of toll) is the BR116 (also referred to as “Dutra”) between Rio and São Paulo.Of all Brazilian states, São Paulo is the state with the densest and best road network. a quick glance at a road map of Brazil and you see this very easily.

Most toll roads – like the Dutra – are equipped with a well-functioning tow service . In case of an accident or engine problems, you will get towed to the next gas station (free of charge).

Condition of vehicles in Brazil

the condition of other vehicles on the road (cars, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles…) goes from excellent to literally falling apart… I’ve seen cars with doors missing, or parts being held together with a piece of rope. You also see lots of cars with completely bald tires. Some vehicles you see here wouldn’t last 10 minutes on the road in Europe.

I don’t want to scare anyone, because a road trip in Brazil can be an extremely rewarding experience. It’s just that with the right information, you can avoid bad situations or at least avoid getting frustrated by the undisciplined or even reckless behaviour of other road users.

Here are five practical hints and recommendations for anyone who wants to venture out on the road in this amazing country.

1. Road conditions and signalization in Brazil

General Situation: As in most countries, road conditions in Brazil can vary a great deal. As a general rule, the roads in the south and south-east regions are in much better shape than those up north.

When you cross the state border between Espirito Santo and Bahia, the BR101 suddenly changes from a double two lane highway with perfect asphalt into a secondary road with potholes and no hard shoulders. No better example of the economical differences between the South-east and the North-east of Brazil.

Independent from the location, heavy rains can wreak havoc, causing land slides, wash away part of the road surface or leave impassable mud holes.

Holes in the road: Sometimes water can wash away the earth under the asphalt and eventually part of the pavement will cave in and a hole will appear in the road… people usually “mark” these places with a leafy tree branch. So when you see something that looks like there’s a tree growing out of the asphalt, there’s probably a deep hole in the road. Needless to say that this kind of “signalization” is very hard to spot in the dark…


Worst kind of dirt road. Better stay away when it rains

One good rule of thumb is: when you’re in a dirt road and don’t see any tracks from other cars, (meaning that the road hasn’t been used for quite some time), chances are that the road you’re on is not going anywhere and it might be a good idea to turn around and find another route to your destination.Dirt roads: are very common in Brazil, especially in the rural interior, and are being used intensively by cars, motorcycles, but also by trucks and buses. Some of them have codes (like RJ153 or SP225) and are official state roads and are usually kept in reasonable condition, whereas the “unofficial” dirt roads can be in very bad shape, especially after the rainy season, when landslides make lots of roads very difficult to use.

Signalization: On the major highways, signalization is good, but in more remote areas and small cities and villages, don’t rely on following signs to get somewhere. You will often see signs to your destination for a while until they vanish. In case you’re lost, gas stations usually are a good source of information, but you will have to get it from someone who only speaks Portuguese…Signalization of road works is usually good, even in the dirt roads.

Speedbumps: To control the speed of vehicles around schools or in village centers and residential areas, there are numerous speed bumps all over the country. The official name is “Lombada” but most people call them “quebra molas” (literally: suspension breakers). this is not exaggerated, because some of these bumps are so high and steep they almost look like concrete half-cylindres. Hitting one of these at high-speed will destroy your car… They should be painted in bright yellow and black stripes for visibility, but unfortunately this is not always the case. Beware!

Flanelinhas: when you park your car in most urban centres, it is very common to see a guy come up to you, indicating that he’s going to keep an eye on your car. They also “help” people to find parking spots and sometimes even offer to wash your car. These people are called “Flanelinhas”, and what they are doing is illegal, but it is unwise to turn them down if you don’t want to end up with a few scratches on your car.

2. Gas stations in Brazil

Important: Running out of gas in Brazil constitutes an infraction of the law, so make sure you fill up before leaving home.

Gas stations in Brazil are still very much operated by humans. Unlike in Europe, where in most countries you need to fill your tank yourself, every station has several attendants who will fill up the car for you. Usually there’s no problem to pay with a credit or debit card, but several gas stations in more remote areas will only accept cash.

Gasoline prices and quality: Gasoline prices in Brazil are high compared to the US (about 7$ a gallon), but lower than in Europe. Some gas stations – usually the small, unknown brands – have lower prices, but this usually means that the alcohol level in the Gasoline is higher than the legal 20-25%. Some gasoline you buy at “cheaper” gas stations has up to 60% of alcohol in it. It is advisable to ALWAYS buy gas at “big brand” stations like BR or Shell.

3. Animals (and other stuff) on the road in Brazil


A badly loaded truck AND cows on the road… Double hazard.

Under the “other stuff” category, I would like to mention the kite lines that are extremely dangerous to motorcyclists.Unfortunately, Brazil has thousands, if not millions of stray animals wandering the streets. Cows, horses, donkeys, dogs, chickens, etc., not to mention wildlife, like capivara, tatu, snakes and lizards. It is one of the reasons why it is better to avoid driving at night or at least be extremely careful.

4. GPS

A GPS can be a great tool and save you lots of time and gas as long as it has a good map installed. I have a Garmin GPS that I use both on my motorcycle and in the car. When I arrived in Brazil, I only had the Garmin “City Navigator” map of Brazil that I purchased in Belgium. As long as I was on a major road or a significant city, things seemed fine, but once I started venturing into the interior, I quickly learned that the Garmin map was all but accurate. In fact it was perfectly unusable… (sorry Garmin, but that’s just the way it is..) Learn more on GPS and a great free Brazil map for GARMIN

5. Be prepared


Make sure to Check your spare tire: you don’t want to end up like this lady. When I got out the spare, it turned out to be flat as well. Luckily I had my mountainbike pump 🙂

Some food & waterWhenever setting out on a road trip, bring the following:

  • maps of the area you’re going to travel through
  • Flashlight / Headlight
  • A phone card: comes in handy when you’re in an area without mobile phone signal. every small village has at least one payphone (orelhão). You can also call collect (a cobrar) from the payphones
  • Cash for highway toll (there’s no way to pay with any type of card)
  • Cash for gas (especially when you plan to go to remote areas)

and make sure to:

  • Buy adequate Insurance: For yourself and third parties.
  • Learn some Portuguese, or at least have a Portuguese Phrasebook handy.
  • Check your spare tire… (it could be out of air)
  • VERY IMPORTANT: NEVER drink and drive!! Brazil has a ZERO TOLERANCE policy (Lei Seca) and even the slightest amount of alcohol in your system will get you in a heap of trouble.

Hope this was useful. If you ever drove around in Brazil and lived, let me know your story.